This report provides an overview of the literature and research on the employer’s role and influence in the employment of migrant workers (including refugees and asylum seekers, high- and low-skilled workers, and permanent and temporary workers) in Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States of America (IGC Participating States).
In order to focus more policy debate and understanding on the role of employers in immigration systems, New Zealand, as Chair of the Intergovernmental Consultations on Migration, Asylum and Refugees (IGC) for 2012-2013 proposed the theme of “The role and influence of employers in migration”. The IGC is an informal, non-decision-making forum for intergovernmental information exchange and policy debate on issues of relevance to the management of international migratory flows.
The following international literature review examines the role and influence of employers in migration. Particular attention is paid to the challenges faced by employers and governments by type of migrant, and industry sector. The review of literature considers levels of employer demand for different types of migrants: permanent and temporary, high-skilled, low-skilled, students, refugees and asylum seekers.
The review draws on research and literature from the IGC Participating States: Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom (UK) and the United States of America (USA).